Based in West Sussex, The McIndoe Centre specialises in knee replacement surgery and is home to some of the most prestigious surgeons in the world. Our team of specialists are here to ensure that you receive the best service and treatment required to get you back on your feet.
We offer knee replacement surgery to patients across the UK and are especially popular in West Sussex, due to our location in East Grinstead. If you are considering knee surgery, then call us today to arrange a consultation.
What is Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee replacement surgery (also known as arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure where the surgeon replaces a worn, diseased, or generally damaged knee with an artificial joint (usually titanium). This type of surgery is usually considered for people who have severe arthritis or a historical knee injury.
Common Causes for Knee Replacement Surgery
The most common reason for opting for knee replacement surgery is due to arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common disease that forces people to consider surgery, especially in older adults. This type of arthritis is characterised by the breakdown of cartilage within the knee. The damage caused will eventually limit your movement and result in discomfort. Bending the knee, climbing stairs and even carrying out day-to-day tasks may become difficult and strenuous.
Other causes for requiring knee surgery may be injury-related. Fractures, cruciate ligament damage, ligament damage and torn cartilage will cause the bone of the knee to wear down, causing pain and discomfort.
Different Types of Knee Replacement Surgery
Depending on the condition of the knee, medication may not be enough to fully rectify the issue. At The McIndoe Centre, we strive to provide individualised care when our patients need it most. Below are some of the alternative methods that you may decide to look into before opting for knee replacement surgery.
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Viscosupplementation injections (lubrication for movement in the knee)
- Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
- Pain medication
- Limiting painful activities
- Weight loss
- Walking with assistance (such as a walking stick or crutch)
- Cortisone injections into the knee joint
Your surgeon will discuss the options best suited to your current condition during one of our consultations.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) makes up one of four main ligaments that stabilise your knee joint. Tearing your ACL can be extremely painful depending on the scale of the injury. Sometimes, the knee can ‘give way’ meaning it may twist and turn out of shape.
A successful ACL reconstruction will see the stability of your knee dramatically improve, so that the joint strengthens and doesn’t give way. Some of the benefits are:
- Regaining strength in the knee
- The ability to take part in more strenuous/intense activities
- Improved all-round stability of your knee
What ACL Reconstruction Involves
While many surgeons make up to 4 cuts on the front and sides of the knee, some opt for keyhole surgery, which uses a camera to see inside the knee. Once the incisions have been made, the ruptured ACL is replaced with a piece of subtle tissue (usually a graft is taken from somewhere else in the body). Your surgeon will then fit the replacement ligament into place via special screws or by anchoring into tunnels drilled into the bone.
For further information on ACL surgery, please click here.
Cartilage repair is commonly required for people who are experiencing knee joint discomfort and/or limited movement of the knee. This could be down to a number of issues, including sports-related injuries, repetitive use of the joint or general health and fitness problems. The benefits of cartilage repairs are:
- Less pain in the knee
- It can treat other knee-related issues
- It can prevent other health issues such as osteoarthritis
What Does Cartilage Repair Involve?
There are many different methods for cartilage repair, all of which your McIndoe surgeon will discuss with you during your consultation. Most cartilage repair procedures are performed arthroscopically (keyhole surgery) although, sometimes certain procedures require larger incisions.
The length of treatment will depend on the treatment you choose. Keyhole surgery lasts around an hour (on average) although, other complex procedures may take longer.
For more information on cartilage repair, please read refer to our cartilage repair page.
Who is Offered Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee replacement is a major surgery. The only time you will be considered for such an operation is when other treatments such as physiotherapy or steroid injections haven’t stopped, or at least reduced pain or improved joint mobility.
You may be considered for knee replacement surgery if:
- You experience knee pain so severe that it hampers your quality of life.
- Day-to-day tasks such as shopping, walking up stairs and getting out of the car become too difficult.
- You’re feeling depressed due to the pain and lack of mobility.
- You’re unable to work because of the pain and discomfort.
It’s also imperative that you’re in good enough health to cope with a major operation and the rehabilitation process afterwards.
Alternatives to Knee Replacement Surgery
Of course, there are many alternative options to consider before opting for such a major surgery. Your doctor will discuss the other relevant options but will make you aware that these options may not benefit you long-term.
- Arthroscope treatment (washout and debridement) – where a tiny telescope is inserted into the knee in order to wash and clean-out any bits of bone and/or cartilage.
- Osteotomy – where the surgeon cuts into the shin bone, realigning it so the weight is no longer focusing on the damaged or frail part of the knee.
It’s important to consider the following options before deciding on knee replacement. However, your surgeon at The McIndoe Centre will advise you on the best course of action.
Recovery from Knee Replacement Surgery
The recovery process for such a major surgery usually sees patients in hospital between 2-3 days. However, recovery time can vary depending on a number of factors.
Once you are discharged from the hospital, your surgeon will ensure that you understand the rehabilitation process you will be undergoing.
Your consultant will review your progress after 6 weeks. By this point, most people should be able to drive, however walking aids may still be required depending on the individual's progression.
Choosing Your Knee Replacement Specialist in West Sussex
Choosing a specialist couldn’t be easier at The McIndoe Centre. Our dedicated surgeons offer a 1-to-1 consultation, in which they discuss your medical past, your expectations and the surgical process, alongside aftercare treatment and any other questions or concerns that you may have.
Contact us Today
If you have any concerns about the surgery, or who will be performing it, you can always call The McIndoe Centre Helpline on 0800 917 4922. Or, if you’d like a consultation with one of our top surgeons, feel free to fill out our contact form and we shall get back to you as soon as possible.